Has your baby been diagnosed with cerebral palsy?
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There are three different types of cerebral palsy, however, even within each classification of the condition, no two cases will be exactly the same.
There are three different types of cerebral palsy, however, even within each classification of the condition, no two cases will be exactly the same. This is because the condition has a wide spectrum of severity, however, children will often display similar characteristics.
This is the most common type of cerebral palsy, accounting for approximately 80% of cases. Spastic cerebral palsy results from damage to the pyramidal tract region of the brain. This is the area of the brain that is responsible for controlling muscles in the body.
In the most severe cases of spastic cerebral palsy the child will suffer from quadriplegia, also referred to as spastic quadriplegia. This is where the child will suffer complete or severe partial loss of both sensation and control of all four limbs.
As no two cases of spastic cerebral palsy will be exactly the same, children with the condition will display a combination of the above symptoms to varying degrees of severity.
This is the second most common form of the condition and again can be separated into two categories:
Athetoid – affecting the child’s limbs.
Dyskinetic – affecting the trunk of the child’s body.
Athetoid cerebral palsy is caused by brain injury to the Basil Ganglia or Cerebellum whilst the brain is still developing. Children with this form of cerebral palsy can display normal learning. Children with Athetoid cerebral palsy are likely to display symptoms consistent with those below but are likely to display each to varying degrees:
This is the rarest form of cerebral palsy and is caused by injury to the part of the brain that provides for body movement and coordination.
A child with Ataxic cerebral palsy may display learning not far short of the average child, although some children do display learning difficulties.